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  • 原文摘要
  • 目的:通过评估健听儿童的言语识别能力,修订听障儿童单音节词、双音节词和短句识别能力的评估标准。方法采用听觉语言识别能力评估词表分别对300名健听儿童进行单音节词、双音节词和短句识别能力评估,采用描述性统计方法对单音节词、双音节词和短句识别能力评估标准进行修订。结果单音节词、双音节词和短句识别率随年龄的增长而提高。2岁1个月~2岁12个月健听儿童的单音节词、双音节词和短句识别率都低于90%,3岁以上健听儿童的单音节词、双音节词和短句识别率均≥90%。结论①制定了2岁听障儿童单音节词、双音节词和短句识别能力评估标准。②对于3岁及以上各年龄段听障儿童可以用实际测试得分代表单音节词、双音节词和短句识别能力。 Objective To assess the speech recognition abilities of normal-hearing children and to revise the standards for the assessment of speech recognition abilities of hearing-impaired children.Methods The auditory and speech recognition assessment wordlists were used to assess the monosyllable, disyllable and short sentence recognition abilities of 300 normal-hearing children of 2~6 years old. The standards for the assessment of monosyllable, disyllable and short sentence recognition abilities were revised with descriptive statistical methods.Results The monosyllable, disyllable and short sentence recognition rates increased with age. The monosyllable, disyllable and short sentence recognition rates of 2 and 2.5-year-old normal-hearing children were lower than 90%, while those of 3-year-old normal-hearing children were higher than 90%.Conclusion (1) The standards are developed for the assessment of monosyllable, disyllable and short sentence recognition abilities of 2-year-old hearing-impaired children. (2)The test scores can represent the monosyllables, disyllable and short sentence recognition abilities of hearing impaired-children aged 3 and over.
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